Pure Breed Poultry and Waterfowl
Lincolnshire Buff

Lincolnshire Buff Pullet

Lincolnshire buffs were developed in the 1850's mainly to supply the London market with meat, although they were noted to be good layers of winter eggs, quite a rarity in those days. Similar birds were also known to be reared around the southern homesteads, but the Lincolnshire variety was the best known around that time.

The picture on the left shows a 20 week old pullet that went on to be best pullet and best opposite sex for me at the National Poultry Show at Stoneleigh, in 2007.



Lincolnshire Buff pullets fill out to become quite chunky hens in old age!  This is Jesse, aged about seven in this photo, one of the first I bred and one of my all time favourite hens.

Pair of Lincolnshire Buffs photographed about 2004.  The hen is very deep in the body but does not have the length of body shown by Jesse in the picture above this one.

Young pair, October 2010.






A dual purpose utility breed found mainly in its native Lincolnshire. During the 19th and early 20th Century, it was supplied in vast numbers to the London markets as a white fleshed table bird and was widely sold as a good winter layer. Standardisation of the Buff Orpington, which many at the time considered a refined Lincolnshire Buff, lead to its demise in name by the 1920's, although its genetic material still lived on in the Oprington, albeit in a much modified form. In the 1980's, the breed was redeveloped in Lincolnshire using this genetic material, with the addition of that of the Cochin and Dorking.



CARRIAGE: Alert, upright, with bold appearance.

TYPE: Body large, deep amd moderately long. Back broad, saddle feathers medium length and abundant. Breast broad with well rounded keel bone, long and straight. Wings moderately large and carried horizontally. Tail medium size and carried well out with well curved sickles.

HEAD: Head strong. Beak stout. Eyes large and bright. Comb to be single, upright and straight, medium size, free from side sprigs, smooth and fine in texture with five or six evenly serrated spikes. Face smooth. Wattles medium size, rounded, and of fine texture. Ear lobes fine in texture.

NECK: Medium length with full hackle.

LEGS AND FEET: Free from any feather. Legs set well apart, thighs large and medium length. Toes five, the three front toes to be large, round, long and straight but well spread. The fourth toe should be as near as possible to that of a four toed bird, with the fifth toe quite separate, placed above, curving backwards and upwards.

PLUMAGE: Close and free from unnecessary fluff. Feathers broad.


The general characteristics are similiar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.


MALE PLUMAGE: Back, neck and saddle hackles a rich orange, wing bow coverts copper, wing bar coverts chestnut. A degree of umber on some main wing feathers and axials. Tails, side hangers bronze to copper, main feathers and sickles bronze to copper, shading into umber. Remainder of plumage ginger buff to the skin.

FEMALE PLUMAGE: Back, neck, wings, saddle and tail ginger buff. A small degree or no umber on some main wing feathers and axials. Neck hackle with sheen. Tail with darker shading up to umber at the end. Remainder of plumage a lighter shade of ginger buff to the skin.

IN BOTH SEXES: Beak white to horn. Eyes bright orange. Comb, face, lobes and wattles bright red. Legs and feet white sometimes with horn shading on the front scales and in males in breeding condition, a line of reddish pigment down the outer sides of the shanks.

DEFECTS: Mealiness in surface colour. Grey under colour. White in plumage, face or lobes. Lopped or beefy comb. Visible umber in the closed wing. Excess fluff.

DISQUALIFICATIONS: Any deformity. Absence of fifth toe. Leg colour other than as described. Any feathers on legs. Any green-black in plumage.

Type 20
Colour 20
Size 20
Head 10
Feet/Legs and 5th toe 10
Dual purpose utility qualities 10
Condition 10

WEIGHTS - Large Fowl

Cock 4.00 - 5.00kg (9-11lb) Cockerel 3.10 - 4.00kg (7-9lb)

Hen 3.10 - 4.00kg (7-9lb) Pullet 2.90 - 3.60kg (6-8lb)

Weights - Minature Fowl

Cock 1-1.3kg (40oz) Cockerel 0.980kg (34oz)

Hen 0.980kg (34oz) Pullet 0.850kg (30oz)

Although there is a standard weight for Lincolnshire Buff bantams, it is uncertain as to whether there are any still in existence.  Fred Hams created a strain about 10 years ago, but none have been seen recently.